- How does the Gemara learn E"Y is higher than other lands? Yirmiya 23. But Rashi Devarim 1:25 seems to use that pasuk as a source that E"Y is higher (he says melamed, not mikan. Does that matter?). Why does Rashi bring a different pasuk?
Similarly, Sanhedrin 42b leans that the beis haskila was outside beis din from the mekallel - Vayikra 24. But Rashi on Bamidbar 15:36 learns it from the mekoshesh.
This also seems to be the remark of Rabi Akiva Eiger Kiddushin 41b that Rashi Vayikra 24:14 brings that pasuk as the source of shliach shel adam kemoso, but the Gemara Kiddushin 41b brings a different pasuk.
Anyone have any ideas or more examples where Rashi on Chumash brings a pasuk other than the pasuk the Gemara brings?
- 69b Rashi s.v. Mesayei'a. It seems that when Ezra returned to E"Y, no gedolim remained in Bavel. Things did not remain that way, the leadership shifted to the talmidei chachamim in Bavel, and shas has many examples where students left E"Y to learn from the gedolim in Bavel (and see Rashi below 71a s.v. kotzim). In regard to proclaiming a leap year, it had to be done in E"Y unless the leaders in Bavel were much later, I think a gemara in Brachos says that when someone proclaimed a leap year in Bavel he was told "the cubs are now lions" that the talmidim in E"Y have developed into outstanding gedolim and they were qualified to rule on making a leap year.
Does anyone know historically what caused these shifts?
- Rashi s.v. Ad Amod. No Urim V'Tumim in Second Mikdash. See Chidushei Hagram Vehagrid p 15, Rambam Beis Habechira 4:1. Rambam says there was no UvT , nor did they ask the Uvt. So why does the Rambam list they didn't ask - they wouldn't have received an answer anyway? Gram & Grid (The Rav) answered it was a din that they were not allowed to ask. I heard another answer from the Rav's nephew Rav Moshe Soloveichik. See Rambam Klei Hamikdash 10:11 how they Kohen would ask UvT. Rambam says "ruach hakodesh would envelop the kohein and he'd look at the choshen and see with maros hanevua..." Part of asking UvT was that the kohen would get some ruach hakodesh. So Rav Moshe explained that in Bayis Sheni even though we couldn't get UvT to answer us, maybe we would ask anyway, to get this ruach hakodesh. So the Rambam has to tell us you were not allowed to ask the UvT either.
- Rashi s.v. Bitrumah dioraissa - dagan tirosh & yitzhar - grain, vine and olive press. See Rambam Terumos 2:1 who says even fruit is obligated in Trumah dioraissa. See Kesef Mishna. Meiri Chulin 6 s.v. Maaser Yerek explains that the rishonim who argue on the rambam hold those drashos are asmachta.
Side point - end of Kesef Mishna - Ravad argues on Rambam but there is no hasagah. Rabbi Dr. Haym Soloveitchik in "Rabad of Posquieres: A programmatic essay" lists some examples where we know Ravad argues on Rambam (like the cycles of zavah and nidda) but does not write a hasagah, because the Ravad was not primarily a bal hasagos. This can be another example.