Monday, November 7, 2016

Stats on Shas - words, letters per masechta

I found this interesting table at http://www.tallitstore.com/v/vspfiles/util/word_counts_mesechta.htm They sorted it by words per daf, I don't know why.
mesechta daf letters words letters/daf words/daf
Brachos 63 273260 70254 4337.46 1115.14
Krisos 27 102234 26328 3786.44 975.11
Horayos 13 49035 12632 3771.92 971.69
Megilla 31 115271 28939 3718.42 933.52
Sanhedrin 112 406013 104357 3625.12 931.76
Taanis 30 106087 26691 3536.23 889.7
Moed Katan 28 89722 22554 3204.36 805.5
Sotah 48 152615 39149 3179.48 815.6
Erachin 33 98096 24815 2972.61 751.97
Makos 23 67782 17608 2947.04 765.57
Shabbos 156 447232 113820 2866.87 729.62
Kiddushin 81 231631 59256 2859.64 731.56
Chagiga 26 73506 18533 2827.15 712.81
Bava Metzia 118 330417 84375 2800.14 715.04
Bava Kama 118 328313 83973 2782.31 711.64
Bava Basra 175 346249 89044 1978.57 508.82
Avoda Zara 75 207188 51851 2762.51 691.35
Temura 33 91112 23065 2760.97 698.94
Nida 72 197171 50118 2738.49 696.08
Yevamos 121 330319 84486 2729.91 698.23
Rosh Hashana 34 92621 23376 2724.15 687.53
Pesachim 120 324521 82335 2704.34 686.13
Gittin 89 238946 60832 2684.79 683.51
Bechoros 60 160117 40587 2668.62 676.45
Shavuos 48 127686 32717 2660.13 681.6
Menachos 109 288694 73203 2648.57 671.59
Kesuvos 111 288903 73398 2602.73 661.24
Yoma 87 225512 57180 2592.09 657.24
Eiruvin 104 264202 67238 2540.4 646.52
Beitza 39 97777 24918 2507.1 638.92
Chullin 141 351691 89555 2494.26 635.14
Sukka 55 127774 32302 2323.16 587.31
Zevachim 119 273681 69345 2299.84 582.73
Tamid 9 18449 4610 2049.89 512.22
Nazir 65 108571 27984 1670.32 430.52
Meila 21 32255 8064 1535.95 384
Nedarim 90 134935 34475 1499.28 383.06

Monday, October 31, 2016

A Real Aguna Whose Husband Disappeared

Halacha is very strict on needing evidence that a man who disappears, even for many years, is dead, otherwise we do not allow his wife to remarry.  Here is a recent story of a man who suddenly disappeared and assumed someone else's identity for over 20 years, leaving his first family.


http://www.msn.com/en-us/lifestyle/family-relationships/23-years-after-vanishing-this-womans-husband-turned-up-alive-%E2%80%94-with-a-whole-new-family/ar-AAjA1Zv?li=BBmkt5R&ocid=spartanntp

23 Years After Vanishing, This Woman's Husband Turned Up Alive — With a Whole New Family
23 Years After He Vanished, This Woman's Husband Turned Up Alive — With a Whole New Family

On February 10, 1993, Richard Hoagland called his wife, Linda Iseler, and told her he was feeling sick. He said he was heading to the emergency room, but insisted Iseler didn't need to come with him. He was never seen again - until 23 years later, when he emerged alive, safe, and with a completely new family, according to ABC News.

Hoagland had left everything at home in Indiana, from his coat to his toothbrush to even his passport. He left behind a wife and two sons, only 9 and 6 years old. Police found his car at the airport, but there was no record of a man named Richard Hoagland taking any flight. The last anyone heard from him is when he sent his sons a birthday card, with a message to "mind your mother."

"He devastated us. He left us with nothing, absolutely nothing. I was very broken," Iseler said. They had to give up their house and cars and rely on help from family. Hoagland was pronounced dead after 10 years, and Iseler ended up getting remarried.

But this year, Hoagland was found. It turns out that he went to Florida and stole the identity of a man named Terry Symansky, who was killed in 1991. He even got married to another woman and had a child, with his new wife, Mary, none the wiser. But here's the craziest part: Hoagland (now Symansky) ended up getting caught when the actual Terry Symansky's nephew looked up the family tree and realized that the man he knew had died had gotten married several years later, and even had a pilot's license.

Hoagland was arrested in July for fraudulent use of personal identification, according to the Tampa Bay Times. Police think that he pulled off the scheme because when he fled to Florida, he briefly lived with the real Symansky's father in Florida. He then found Terry's death certificate, used it to get a birth certificate, and used that to get a driver's license.

His new family was shocked. "Obviously their 20 years of marriage [was] shattered," detective Anthony Cardillo said. "The son came down. He was shocked. It was still his father. It's his blood, but that Symansky name is not his. The emotions they were feeling [were] between anger and sadness and the wonder of why."

So why did he pull off the identity theft? According to the Indianapolis Star, Iseler had told police that he embezzled from his boss and was likely on the run from the law. But Hoagland said the reason was more personal: Iseler, who was his second wife, wanted a divorce, and he didn't think he could go through with a divorce again. He is now in jail awaiting trial, and has pleaded not guilty. Authorities were looking into various other accusations against him, too, so more charges may be ahead.

Sunday, September 18, 2016

Thursday, September 15, 2016

Chodosh update 13 Sept 2016

GUIDE TO CHODOSH-YOSEPH HERMAN, HOT LINE 718-305-5133, EMAIL yherman@earthlink.net
CHODOSH BULLETIN AS OF 13 SEPT 16
WARNING ON HOME BAKING FLOUR HAS BEEN CANCELLED
Several weeks ago we were warned by sources in the flour milling industry that a recent major recall of Gold Medal home baking flour may result in significant shifts in the use of winter wheat vs. spring wheat in such flours. As a result of this, we issued a warning to the Yoshon-observant public for assurance of Yoshon to use all home baking flour if it either has an hashgocho for Yoshon, or it can be determined from the dating code that the flour was packed before Jul 29 ’16. In fact, it has now been determined that the situation has not changed from previous years. Therefore, those flours which have been from winter wheat in the past, should continue to be so this year as well. This includes Gold Medal Flour from factory KC and the Heckers and Ceresota brands.

SECOND DRAFT OF THE PRELIMINARY GUIDE TO CHODOSH COMING
The Guide to Chodosh is published in two editions. The Preliminary Guide is due to be released soon, the full Guide for the season after sukkos. The SECOND draft of the Preliminary Guide is ready. It is still incomplete and has some errors, mostly typographical. I hope to send all of you this preliminary draft later today. You should be able to use it to get the Chodosh code for most packaged products. You will note that most information that depends on mashgichim is missing. Their information has not yet been forwarded to us. If you find any errors or confusing entries, please drop me a note to yherman@earthlink.net. I will not be able to answer each email, but will appreciate your feedback.


THE FOLLOWING AS OF AUG 2 ‘16
THE OFFICIAL START OF THE NEW CHODOSH SEASON
The Chodosh season has begun this year somewhat earlier than usual due to the agricultural conditions in the growing areas. Our estimates of the start of Chodosh for each crop are based on the reports from the US Department of Agriculture. This year, this information is enhanced by reports sent to me by several mashgichim, for which I thank these mashgichim.
PLEASE POST THIS BULLETIN IN SHULS AND OTHER LOCATIONS WHERE THOSE WHO ARE CAREFUL ABOUT CHODOSH WOULD SEE IT.
1)       Freshly baked items using spring wheat, including breads, challahs, bagels, rolls, pizza and some cakes and cookies may be Chodosh in the Midwest after the PURCHASE DATE of Jul 29. Elsewhere in the US, this date would be Aug 12.
2)       Packaged foods from spring wheat may be Chodosh after the PACKING date of Jul 29, or the PURCHASE date of Aug 12.
3)       Noodles and pasta may be Chodosh after the PACKING date of Aug 13 and the PURCHASE date of Aug 27.
4)       Barley, such as pearled barley, may be Chodosh after the PACKING date of Aug 9 and PURCHASE date of Aug 23.
5)       Oats: Oats in all products, including cereals, may be Chodosh starting with a PACKING date of Jul 20, PURCHASE date of Aug 3. (The known exception is for General Mills cereals including all Cheerios, for which the Chodosh packing date is July 31 or later.)
6)       Barley malt (also listed in the ingredients as “malt”) may be Chodosh as of the packing date of Dec 15. Package codes should be checked after the purchase date of Dec 15 for beer made from barley malt and Mar 15 for malt in other products.
Even though pesach was late on the solar calendar this year, still almost all of the 3 crops of interest were planted after pesach and are Chodosh. The early harvest this year is due to weather conditions in the growing areas.
***************************************************************

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Thursday, September 1, 2016

Last Year's full Chodosh Guide

THIS IS LAST YEAR"S GUIDE JUST TO HELP YOU OUT WITH CODES ETC

Chodosh Update, 28 Aug 16

GUIDE TO CHODOSH-YOSEPH HERMAN, HOT LINE 718-305-5133, EMAIL yherman@earthlink.net
CHODOSH BULLETIN AS OF 28 AUG 17
In general, if you have last year’s Guide, you can use the package cutoff code for any item given in last year’s Guide and modify the date to conform to the packing dates given here for each type of grain, spring wheat, oats or barley. Just change the date and the year. If you do not have last year’s Guide, you may get it by sending email to chodosh@moruda.com. To change the date, change the year in last year’s Guide by adding 1. For oats (except those listed below) subtract 6 from the date, for wheat subtract 3 from the date, for barley, add 7 days. Note that any package with a Yoshon label is Yoshon, with the possible exception of some items where the hashgocho for kashrus in the Volover Rav.
THE FOLLOWING IS A STARTING SET OF CUTOFF DATES OR CODES AS THEY APPEAR ON PACKAGES BY MANUFACTURER. THESE DATES ARE TENTATIVE AND ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE (MOST LIKELY CHANGE TO A LATER DATE)
-Quaker oats (hot cereals) Chodosh  PACKAGING date Aug 31. Date on the package Feb 22 18.
-General Mills cereals, including all Cheerios. Oats Chodosh PACKAGING date Aug 31. Date on the package Sept 6 17. Wheat in all General Mills cereals is Yoshon. (Note that the OU is working to arrange that all Cheerios sold in Israel should be Yoshon till pesach. This is to be confirmed later.)
-Nature Valley Granola Chodosh PACKING date of Aug 31. Date on the bars (the date on the individual bars, not on the outside box) Sept 6, ’17.
-Post cereals. Chodosh PACKAGING date for oats Aug 31, date on the package for oats is Aug 31 17.
-Shoprite oats Jan 20 ‘18
-Village Farms, Sturms oats Jul 20 ‘18
-Kemach, Taanug oats Jul 20 ‘17

THE FOLLOWING OF INTEREST TO BAKERIES AND THEIR MASHGICHIM (IT RELATES TO BAKERY FLOUR, NOT THE FLOUR YOU BUY FOR HOME USE). The mills listed here may continue to produce Yoshon after these dates by special arrangement.
-General Mills flour from Buffalo, NY may be Chodosh starting from Aug 29.
-Ardent Mills in Albany may be Chodosh starting Aug 12.
-Bay State Milling Clifton may be Chodosh Aug 28.


***********************************************************
THE FOLLOWING AS OF AUG 2 ‘16
THE OFFICIAL START OF THE NEW CHODOSH SEASON
The Chodosh season has begun this year somewhat earlier than usual due to the agricultural conditions in the growing areas. Our estimates of the start of Chodosh for each crop are based on the reports from the US Department of Agriculture. This year, this information is enhanced by reports sent to me by several mashgichim, for which I thank these mashgichim.
PLEASE POST THIS BULLETIN IN SHULS AND OTHER LOCATIONS WHERE THOSE WHO ARE CAREFUL ABOUT CHODOSH WOULD SEE IT.
1)       Freshly baked items using spring wheat, including breads, challahs, bagels, rolls, pizza and some cakes and cookies may be Chodosh in the Midwest after the PURCHASE DATE of Jul 29. Elsewhere in the US, this date would be Aug 12.
2)       Packaged foods from spring wheat may be Chodosh after the PACKING date of Jul 29, or the PURCHASE date of Aug 12.
3)       Noodles and pasta may be Chodosh after the PACKING date of Aug 13 and the PURCHASE date of Aug 27.
4)       Barley, such as pearled barley, may be Chodosh after the PACKING date of Aug 9 and PURCHASE date of Aug 23.
5)       Oats: Oats in all products, including cereals, may be Chodosh starting with a PACKING date of Jul 20, PURCHASE date of Aug 3. (The known exception is for General Mills cereals including all Cheerios, for which the Chodosh packing date is July 31 or later.)
6)       Barley malt (also listed in the ingredients as “malt”) may be Chodosh as of the packing date of Dec 15. Package codes should be checked after the purchase date of Dec 15 for beer made from barley malt and Mar 15 for malt in other products.
Even though pesach was late on the solar calendar this year, still almost all of the 3 crops of interest were planted after pesach and are Chodosh. The early harvest this year is due to weather conditions in the growing areas.
***************************************************************

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 __________________________________________

Project Chodosh is an independent activity, not affiliated with any movement or organization. We thank the Jewish Internet Fund (JIF) for allowing us to use their E mail distribution services. The JIF provides free email and web hosting to Jewish education and outreach organizations. We also thank the sites moruda.com and sefer.org for allowing the public to use E mail to request copies from their facilities of the Guides to Chodosh.

Monday, August 15, 2016

Chodosh Update 15 Aug 2016

GUIDE TO CHODOSH-YOSEPH HERMAN, 
CHODOSH BULLETIN-15 Aug 16
In general, if you have last year’s Guide, you can use the package cutoff code for any item given in last year’s Guide and modify the date to conform to the packing dates given here for each type of grain, spring wheat, oats or barley. Just change the date and the year. If you do not have last year’s Guide, you may get it by sending email to chodosh@moruda.com.
THE FOLLOWING IS A STARTING SET OF CUTOFF DATES OR CODES AS THEY APPEAR ON PACKAGES BY MANUFACTURER. THESE DATES ARE TENTATIVE AND ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE (MOST LIKELY CHANGE TO A LATER DATE)
-Quaker oats (hot cereals) Jan 10 ‘18
-Cheerios (all types sold outside of Israel) Aug 6 ’17. Cheerios sold in Israel, the OU is working to make that Yoshon.
-Nature Valley Granola Jul 26 ’17 (the date on the individual bars, not on the outside box)
-Shoprite oats Jan 20 ‘18
-Village Farms, Sturms oats Jul 20 ‘18
-Kemach, Taanug oats Jul 20 ‘17

***********************************************************
THE FOLLOWING AS OF AUG 2 ‘16
THE OFFICIAL START OF THE NEW CHODOSH SEASON
The Chodosh season has begun this year somewhat earlier than usual due to the agricultural conditions in the growing areas. Our estimates of the start of Chodosh for each crop are based on the reports from the US Department of Agriculture. This year, this information is enhanced by reports sent to me by several mashgichim, for which I thank these mashgichim.
PLEASE POST THIS BULLETIN IN SHULS AND OTHER LOCATIONS WHERE THOSE WHO ARE CAREFUL ABOUT CHODOSH WOULD SEE IT.
1)       Freshly baked items using spring wheat, including breads, challahs, bagels, rolls, pizza and some cakes and cookies may be Chodosh in the Midwest after the PURCHASE DATE of Jul 29. Elsewhere in the US, this date would be Aug 12.
2)       Packaged foods from spring wheat may be Chodosh after the PACKING date of Jul 29, or the PURCHASE date of Aug 12.
3)       Noodles and pasta may be Chodosh after the PACKING date of Aug 13 and the PURCHASE date of Aug 27.
4)       Barley, such as pearled barley, may be Chodosh after the PACKING date of Aug 9 and PURCHASE date of Aug 23.
5)       Oats: Oats in all products, including cereals, may be Chodosh starting with a PACKING date of Jul 20, PURCHASE date of Aug 3. (The known exception is for General Mills cereals including all Cheerios, for which the Chodosh packing date is July 31 or later.)
6)       Barley malt (also listed in the ingredients as “malt”) may be Chodosh as of the packing date of Dec 15. Package codes should be checked after the purchase date of Dec 15 for beer made from barley malt and Mar 15 for malt in other products.
Even though pesach was late on the solar calendar this year, still almost all of the 3 crops of interest were planted after pesach and are Chodosh. The early harvest this year is due to weather conditions in the growing areas.
***************************************************************

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Those who have access to email can have important corrections and updates sent to their email address automatically. To subscribe to this free service send a blank email message to:
Those who have subscribed last year to the email distribution list do not need to renew this email subscription.
***********************************************

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Wednesday, August 3, 2016

CHODOSH BULLETIN-2 Aug 16

CHODOSH BULLETIN-2 Aug 16
THE OFFICIAL START OF THE NEW CHODOSH SEASON
The Chodosh season has begun this year somewhat earlier than usual due to the agricultural conditions in the growing areas. Our estimates of the start of Chodosh for each crop are based on the reports from the US Department of Agriculture. This year, this information is enhanced by reports sent to me by several mashgichim, for which I thank these mashgichim.
PLEASE POST THIS BULLETIN IN SHULS AND OTHER LOCATIONS WHERE THOSE WHO ARE CAREFUL ABOUT CHODOSH WOULD SEE IT.
1)       Freshly baked items using spring wheat, including breads, challahs, bagels, rolls, pizza and some cakes and cookies may be Chodosh in the Midwest after the PURCHASE DATE of Jul 29. Elsewhere in the US, this date would be Aug 12.
2)       Packaged foods from spring wheat may be Chodosh after the PACKING date of Jul 29, or the PURCHASE date of Aug 12.
3)       Noodles and pasta may be Chodosh after the PACKING date of Aug 13 and the PURCHASE date of Aug 27.
4)       Barley, such as pearled barley, may be Chodosh after the PACKING date of Aug 9 and PURCHASE date of Aug 23.
5)       Oats: Oats in all products, including cereals, may be Chodosh starting with a PACKING date of Jul 20, PURCHASE date of Aug 3. (The known exception is for General Mills cereals including all Cheerios, for which the Chodosh packing date is July 31 or later.)
6)       Barley malt (also listed in the ingredients as “malt”) may be Chodosh as of the packing date of Dec 15. Package codes should be checked after the purchase date of Dec 15 for beer made from barley malt and Mar 15 for malt in other products.
Even though pesach was late on the solar calendar this year, still almost all of the 3 crops of interest were planted after pesach and are Chodosh. The early harvest this year is due to weather conditions in the growing areas.
***************************************************************

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Those who have access to email can have important corrections and updates sent to their email address automatically. To subscribe to this free service send a blank email message to:
Those who have subscribed last year to the email distribution list do not need to renew this email subscription.
***********************************************

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 __________________________________________

Project Chodosh is an independent activity, not affiliated with any movement or organization. We thank the Jewish Internet Fund (JIF) for allowing us to use their E mail distribution services. The JIF provides free email and web hosting to Jewish education and outreach organizations. We also thank the sites moruda.com and sefer.org for allowing the public to use E mail to request copies from their facilities of the Guides to Chodosh.
 

Friday, July 29, 2016

CHODOSH BULLETIN-28 JUL 16

GUIDE TO CHODOSH-YOSEPH HERMAN, 
CHODOSH BULLETIN-28 JUL 16
We have not yet received official confirmation from the US Dep’t of Agriculture of the start of the harvest of the Chodosh spring wheat and barley. However, it is certain that this has begun. We have received a message from a mashgiach that at least one mill received shipments of Chodosh spring wheat on Friday, Jul. 22 and a second mill has received Chodosh on Jul 27. These 2 mills are in the Midwest, near the harvest areas. I will not issue final Chodosh cutoff dates for the upcoming season until the official word is out from the US Dep’t of Agriculture, expected this coming Tuesday.  Meanwhile below are the updated revised tentative Chodosh starting dates.
1)       Freshly baked items using spring wheat, including breads, challahs, bagels, rolls, pizza and some cakes and cookies may be Chodosh in the Midwest after the PURCHASE DATE of Jul 29. Elsewhere in the US, this date would be Aug 12.
2)       Packaged foods from spring wheat may be Chodosh after the PACKING date of Jul 29, or the PURCHASE date of Aug 12.
3)       Noodles and pasta may be Chodosh after the PACKING date of Aug 17 and the PURCHASE date of Sept 1.
4)       Barley, such as pearled barley, may be Chodosh after the PACKING date of Aug 2 and PURCHASE date of Aug 16.
5)       Oats: Oats in all products, including cereals, may be Chodosh starting with a PACKING date of Jul 20, PURCHASE date of Aug 3. (The known exception is for General Mills cereals including all Cheerios, for which the Chodosh packing date is July 31 or later.)
6)       Barley malt (also listed in the ingredients as “malt”) may be Chodosh as of the packing date of Dec 15. Package codes should be checked after the purchase date of Dec 15 for beer made from barley malt and Mar 15 for malt in other products.
Even though pesach was late on the solar calendar this year, still almost all of the 3 crops of interest were planted after pesach and are Chodosh. The early harvest this year is due to weather conditions in the growing areas.
Those who want to purchase Yoshon items to store over the Chodosh season should do so now, as soon as possible.
The next revised update on this topic is due BE”H one week from now.
***************************************************************

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Sunday, July 24, 2016

Meat Restaurant Nine Days

If a kosher meat restaurant will close during the nine days, and the customers will instead go to a non-Kosher restaurant,  can the Kosher restaurant remain open?

Rav Kook - yes, it is a Seudat MItzvah to save Jews from eating Treif
(source: Moadei Ha-Re'eiyah pp. 539-542)' see

http://www.ravaviner.com/2016/07/in-honor-of-ha-rav-colonel-ayal-krim.html
and http://ravkooktorah.org/TISHA_65.htm

Rav Chaim Kanievsky (I just started reading his new book http://www.artscroll.com/Books/RCKTWH.html ) and on page 23 said "keeping the restaurant open, and having a religious person serve meat during the nine days is a chillul Hashem...You should not open the retaurant.


Rav Ovadia Yosef (Teshuvot Yechave Daat 3:38)
שאלה מבעל מסעדה כשרה: האם מותר לו לפתוח המסעדה ולספק מאכלי בשר ללקוחות הרגילים אצלו, גם לאחר ראש חודש אב, אף על פי שאסור לאכול אז מאכלי בשר, שאם לא יעשה כן ילכו הלקוחות שלו למסעדה אחרת ולא ישובו אליו עוד, או על כל פנים יש בזה משום לפני עור לא תתן מכשול?
 after his discussion
סיכום: מותר לישראל בעל מסעדה כשרה לספק מאכלי בשר ללקוחותיו גם אחר ראש חודש אב, ובפרט אם יש מקום לתלות שהלקוח אינו בקו הבריאות. ואם אפשר להגיש בשר עוף, עדיף יותר מאשר להגיש בשר בהמה, כמו שאמרו (בחגיגה דף ח' ע"א) שאין שמחה אלא בבשר בהמה. וכמבואר באחרונים. ויהי רצון שנזכה לראות בנחמת ציון וירושלים בקרוב אמן ואמן.

This also needs a discussion of lifnei iver, which Yechae Daas discusses.  See a recap at 
http://www.koltorah.org/ravj/Restaurants%20Serving%20Meat%20During%20the%20Nine%20Days.htm which needs still further discussion of Lifnei Iver, and the Rabi Akiva Eiger should also depend on a Machlokes Shach and Taz abotu meisayei'a when holding your head still for someone to shave it.